In 2018/19 budget year (as of 1 July 2018 to 30 June 2019)
- Construction/rehabilitation of 11 armouries and 6 deployable armouries and 1 regional depot of weapons and ammunition for the national defence and security forces - on-going.
- Capacity building through 4 types of WAM trainings for 94 national defence and security forces.
- Discovery of suspicious package awareness sessions to 69 civil aviation personnel
Since 2014, UNMAS has increased the safety of the population in at-risk areas and that of MINUSCA personnel from the risks posed by weapons, ammunitions and explosive hazards:
- Destruction of 246,666 explosive items, 194 tons of commercial explosives and over 2,3 million items of ammunition.
- Destruction of 2,730 weapons collected by MINUSCA and 337 collected under DDR (all non-functional or obsolete).
- Construction/rehabilitation of 49 armouries and the deployment of 10 armouries for the national defence and security forces.
- Capacity building through 6 types of WAM trainings for 326 national defence and security forces.
- Provision of risk education sessions on explosive remnants of war (ERW) and small arms and light weapons (SALW) to 575,860 beneficiaries.
Large quantities of weapons, obsolete ammunition and ERW circulate in the country. Poor storage conditions, nearly non-existent weapons and ammunition management (WAM) systems, and a lack of physical security place civilians and local infrastructure at risk. UNMAS first deployed to CAR in January 2014. Shortly thereafter, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 2149 (2014) establishing the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), which assigned UNMAS the task of addressing the illicit transfer, destabilizing accumulation, and misuse of small arms and light weapons, and to ensure the safe and effective management, storage and security of stockpiles of surplus, seized, unmarked, or illicitly held weapons and ammunition. The mandate was last renewed under resolution 2448 (2018).
To support the delivery of MINUSCA WAM mandate, UNMAS delivers the following activities:
- Protection of Civilians: By improving the WAM capacity, UNMAS helps prevent accidental explosions and looting that could lead to civilian casualties. UNMAS provides direct support to the national authorities in the definition of policies and the implementation of the mine action strategy, particularly through its expertise in the safe storage of weapons and ammunition.
- Support to Restoration and Extension of State Authority (RESA) and to the NATCOM-SALW: UNMAS strengthens national capacities to enable the CAR authorit ies to independently manage weapons and ammunition in the long term, by building specialized infrastructure and building national capacity in the safe management and storage of weapons and ammunition through various trainings. UNMAS also provides close technical assistance to the National Commission to fight against the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (NATCOM-SALW) to achieve better SALW control and reduce the illicit flow of weapons.
- Support to the APPR, the RCPCA and the Arms embargo: UNMAS supports the national government in the implementation of the first pillar of the National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan (RCPCA) and the Accord Politique pour la Paix et Réconciliation en RCA (APPR) through the provision of technical support to the national authorities in weapons and ammunition storage and management to support the deployment of defence and security forces, contributing to the restoration of peace, security and to national reconciliation. This support contributes directly to the improvement of security and living conditions of the Central African population. Lastly, UNMAS stands to support to S/RES/2454 (2019) renewing the Arms Embargo and the mandate of the Panel of Experts assisting the CAR Sanctions Committee.
In addition to assessed funding as part of MINUSCA budget, UNMAS is grateful for a contribution from the European Union to extend specialized infrastructure construction activities and capacity building of the national defence forces in WAM.
Considering the priorities of national authorities, in terms of support the extension of state authority, national reconciliation, security and peacebuilding, UNMAS is seeking additional funds to support the deployment of defenc e and security forces, in providing needed specialized infrastructure and capacity building in WAM, as per the Central
African National Defence Plan and the National Authorities Orientation document (2017), as well as the Global Plan for Resizing and Redeployment of the ISF (2018). Additionally, CAR would benefit from supp ort for the operationalization of the NATCOM-SALW, as well as for activities towards sensitization and prevention of armed violence.
Updated: May 2019