UNMAS supports the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) Protection of Civilians (POC) mandate with explosive ordnance and weapons and ammunition management activities, building national capacity in accordance to the following UNMAS in the DRC strategic outcomes.
- DRC security sector and national NGOs respond appropriately to EOD tasks.
- MONUSCO addresses Explosive Ordnance (EO) threats resulting from conflict in the east.
- DRC national security institutions effectively manage and secure weapons and ammunition stockpiles in accordance with international standards.
Since 1 July 2019, UNMAS has achieved the following:
- 590,903 Small Arms Ammunition, 153,416 items of Explosive Remnants of War and 01 weapons destroyed; 739 Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) spot tasks conducted, mitigating the risk of explosive incidents as well as of weapons and ammunition proliferation and misuse;
- 888 UN military and civilian personnel operating in the DRC (651 men and 237 women) that participated in ERW/IED risk awareness trainings (including Capsule and SSAFE trainings) on the risks posed by explosive ordnance and learned about safe behaviours.
Since 1 January 2018, UNMAS has achieved the following:
- 18,454 state-held weapons marked and registered, and 19,521 state-held weapons secured through the installation of gun safes at Congolese National Police (PNC) and Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) premises;
- 1,677 PNC and FARDC officers (1,598 men and 79 women) trained in the safe and secure management of small arms, light weapons (SALW) and ammunition.
UNMAS vision for the DRC: National capacity manages explosive ordnance threats and small arms and light weapons (SALW), improving security for civilians
Since independence in 1960, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been locked in a spiral of armed conflict resulting in nationwide contamination by explosive hazards and an illicit proliferation of small arms and light weapons. UNMAS is present in the DRC since 2002 and currently has offices in Kinshasa, Goma, Bunia, Beni and Bukavu, to coordinate and implement its country-wide activities in support of the Government of the DRC, MONUSCO and the UN Country Team.
In compliance with Security Council Resolutions 2098 (2013), 2409 (2018), 2463 (2019) and 2502 (2019) , UNMAS conducts explosive management activities to protect civilians and contribute to the safety and security of UN personnel, as well as weapons and ammunition management activities, to reinforce the current capacity of national security state actors to safely store and manage their weapons and stockpiles, in line with minimum international standards.
MONUSCO addresses Explosive Ordnance (EO) threats resulting from conflict in the east
UNMAS conducts EOD spot tasks to remove the threat posed to civilians by landmines and ERW, delivers awareness sessions on the risks posed by explosives to MONUSCO civilian and uniform personnel, and staff from UN agencies, funds and programmes, and supports Troop and Police Contributing Countries in the disposal of obsolete and unserviceable ammunition as well as in clearance critical to ensure safe camp closures prior to handover to civilian use. These tasks enable increased access to key civilian infrastructure such as roads, housing, farmland, hospitals, etc, and facilitate the resumption of income-generating activities.
DRC security sector and national NGOs responds appropriately to EOD tasks
The 2019 MONUSCO Independent Strategic Review recommended that UNMAS developed the national security forces capacity to clear mines and dispose of explosive ordnance. For the next 3 years, UNMAS will work towards developing a sustainable national capacity, supporting the national security forces and national NGOs in enhancing their explosive hazard management capacity to provide the service post-MONUSCO exit. As coordinator of the Mine Action Area of Responsibility (AoR), UNMAS liaises with the Protection Cluster and with mine action operators to advocate for mine action representation in UN and national plans as well as for resource mobilization efforts. Finally, through policy and advocacy efforts, UNMAS supports the Congolese Mine Action Center (CCLAM) implementing its 2021-2026 National Mine Action Strategic Plan to achieve compliance with article 5 of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC).
DRC national security institutions effectively manage and secure weapons and ammunition stockpiles in accordance with international standards
The 2019 MONUSCO Independent Strategic Review recommended that UNMAS developed the national security forces capacity to mark, register and safely manage their weapons and ammunition stockpiles to avoid human rights violations with state-held weapons and diversion to armed groups. As such, UNMAS supports the National Commission for Small Arms and Light Weapons control (CNC-ALPC) through i) training to FARDC and PNC to destroy obsolete, abandoned and surrendered weapons and ammunition; ii) provision of equipment to safely store state-held weapons and ammunition; iii) training additional CNC-ALPC operational marking teams to ; iii) policy and framework development advice to CNC-ALPC to develop strategies, Standard Operating Procedure (SOPs), guidelines, a monitoring and evaluation framework for the 2018-2022 National Action Plan for SALW control and reporting capacity against relevant international frameworks.
UNMAS is currently funded by MONUSCO Assessed Budget. UNMAS was also supported financially in the past by the Central Emergency Relief Fund, the Governments of Japan, Korea, Cyprus, Netherlands, Denmark as well as and the United Nations Association of Sweden. Additionally, the Government of Switzerland and Sweden provided in-kind personnel, including explosive ordnance disposal, information management, security and logistics experts, contributing to achieving UNMAS objectives in the DRC.
Data updated: December 2020