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Somalia

IMPACT


Financial year 2021/22:

 

  • Over 2,282 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions.

 

  • UNMAS carried out 124 pre-deployment briefings, 123 post-deployment briefings for mobility operations and facilitated the movement of 125 AMISOM convoys.

 

  • UNMAS trained 16 multi-skilled SNA routes search and IED-Disposal teams (45 staff).

 

  • In support of stabilization efforts, UNMAS identified 123 locations contaminated by explosive hazards and destroyed 70 remnants of war (15 UXOs, 125 FFE) and 6 landmines in various areas.

 

  • UNMAS also verified and released 176,258 m² of land and assessed 217 km of road.

 

  • UNMAS carried out 31 village assessments and 28 road assessments along main supply routes supporting AMISOM operations in liberated areas.

 

  • Risk education reached 4,252 people, of which 75% of the beneficiaries were children.

 

  • UNMAS is piloting the use of solar-powered Risk Education Talking Devices (RETD) to reach communities in remote locations, by distributing 2,432 RETD units so far this year.

 

  • UNMAS distributed 2,120 risk education leaflets.

 

  • Explosive detection dog (EDD) teams verified 87,036 vehicles, 36,889 pieces of luggage, 158 buildings, 39,104 building area and covered a total of 7.2 km² of land.


Since 2016:

 

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces (SPF), AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 20,166 ERW items and 823 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

 

  • More than 51.9 km² cleared from hazards and 148 landmines destroyed (107 AP and 41 AT).

 

  • Over 18,400 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.

 

  • Over 807 SPF recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 1,372 specialized personnel from the SPF received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.

 

  • 241 Somalis were trained in demining activities along the Somali border with Ethiopia.

 

UNMAS Somalia Annual Report 2020

 

ABOUT

 

As part of logistical support to AMISOM operations, UNMAS provides specialized equipment, advice, training and mentoring on explosive hazard threat mitigation to AMISOM and builds EOD capability within Somali Security Forces (SSF). Additionally, due to years of armed conflict in Somalia, there has been widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, the proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs. UNMAS contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), ensuring the promotion of the fundamental principle of ‘leaving no one behind’ in line with the 2030 Agenda.

 

Mandated by UNSCR 2540 (2020) and 2551 (2020), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the SSF.

 

Further mandated by UNSCR 2568 (2021), UNMAS is a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has a special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

 

 

ACTIVITIES


Support to AMISOM:

UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs). To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors TCCs in EOD and IED threat mitigation, advises on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including Explosive Detection Dogs, to enhance force protection and mobility.


Support to Somali Security Forces:

UNMAS provides advice, training, and equipment to the SPF to develop its EOD capabilities across Somalia. UNMAS also provides training and mentoring of Somali National Army (SNA) in IED defeat in line with the Transition Plan. Enhancing such SSF capabilities remains crucial, especially regarding the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the SSF. UNMAS advises the Federal Government of Somalia in managing weapons and ammunition in line with Sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.


Humanitarian Mine Action:

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities such as survey, clearance, and risk education in coordination with the Somali Explosive Management Authority (SEMA) and under the umbrella of the Protection cluster. UNMAS collaborated with the Ministry of Women and Human Rights Development (MoWHRD) and UNSOM to develop a five-year-long National Victims and Disability Action Plan. UNMAS also provides technical support to SEMA in its treaty extension application.

 

FUNDING

 

UNMAS currently receives funding contributions from the regular and assessed budgets of UNSOM and UNSOS, and Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in mine action from the Government of Japan, the European Union (EU), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), and United States Department of State. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to enhance the operational and institutional capacities of the SSF and Mine Action Authority.

 

Data as of September 2021