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Somalia

IMPACT


Financial year 2020/21:

 

  • Over 5,028 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions.

 

  • UNMAS carried out 604 pre-deployment briefings, 595 post-deployment briefings for mobility operations and facilitated the movement of 608 AMISOM convoys.

 

  • UNMAS trained 5 multi-skilled SNA routes search and IED-Disposal teams (45 staff).

 

  • In support of stabilization efforts, UNMAS identified 124 locations contaminated by explosive hazards and destroyed 1,736 remnants of war (400 UXOs,423 SAA, 900 FFE) and 13 landmines in various areas.

 

  • UNMAS also verified and released 5.8 km2 of land and assessed 4,110 km of road.

 

  • UNMAS carried out 340 village assessments and 343 road assessments along main supply routes supporting AMISOM operations in liberated areas.

 

  • Risk education reached 70,497 people, of which 66% of the beneficiaries were children.

 

  • UNMAS is piloting the use of solar-powered Risk Education Talking Devices (RETD) to reach communities in remote locations, by distributing 2,000 RETD units so far this year.

 

  • UNMAS distributed 33,867 risk education leaflets.

 

  • Explosive detection dog (EDD) teams verified 332,453 vehicles, 102,930 pieces of luggage, 721 buildings, 807,042 m2 of building area and covered a total of 36.1 km2 of land.


Since 2016:

 

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces (SPF), AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 19,529 ERW items and 766 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

 

  • More than 50 kmcleared from hazards and 140 landmines destroyed (104 AP and 36 AT).

 

  • Over 18,400 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.

 

  • Over 807 SPF recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 1,331 specialized personnel from the SPF received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.

 

  • 241 Somalis were trained in demining activities along the Somali border with Ethiopia.

 

UNMAS Somalia Annual Report 2020

 

ABOUT

 

As part of logistical support to AMISOM operations, UNMAS provides specialized equipment, advice, training and mentoring on explosive hazard threat mitigation to AMISOM and builds EOD capability within Somali Security Forces (SSF). Additionally, due to years of armed conflict in Somalia, there has been widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, the proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs. UNMAS contributes to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), ensuring the promotion of the fundamental principle of ‘leaving no one behind’ in line with the 2030 Agenda.

 

Mandated by UNSCR 2540 (2020) and 2551 (2020), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the SSF.

 

Further mandated by UNSCR 2568 (2021), UNMAS is a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has a special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

 

 

ACTIVITIES


Support to AMISOM:

UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs). To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors TCCs in EOD and IED threat mitigation, advises on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including Explosive Detection Dogs, to enhance force protection and mobility.


Support to Somali Security Forces:

UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the SPF to develop its EOD capabilities across Somalia. UNMAS also provides training and mentoring of Somali National Army (SNA) in IED defeat in line with the Transition Plan. Enhancing such SSF capabilities remains crucial, especially regarding the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the SSF. UNMAS advises the Federal Government of Somalia in managing weapons and ammunition in line with Sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.


Humanitarian Mine Action:

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities such as survey, clearance and risk education in coordination with the Somali Explosive Management Authority (SEMA) and under the umbrella of the Protection cluster. UNMAS collaborated with the Ministry of Women and Human Rights Development (MoWHRD) and UNSOM to develop a five-year-long National Victims and Disability Action Plan. UNMAS also provides technical support to SEMA in its treaty extension application.

 

FUNDING

 

UNMAS currently receives funding contributions from the regular and assessed budgets of UNSOM and UNSOS, and Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in mine action from the Government of Japan, the European Union (EU), United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), and United States Department of State. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to enhance the operational and institutional capacities of the SSF and Mine Action Authority.

 

Data as of May 2021