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Somalia

IMPACT

Financial year 2019/20:

  • Over 2,231 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions. UNMAS carried out 370 pre-deployment briefings 366 post-deployment briefings for mobility operations and facilitated the movement of 376 AMISOM convoys.
  • In support of stabilization efforts, UNMAS identified 41 locations contaminated by explosive hazards and destroyed 1,561 remnants of war (200 UXOs,335 SAA,1026 FFE) and 6 landmines in various areas. UNMAS also verified and released 2,694,399 m² of land and assessed 3,093 km of road.
  • UNMAS carried out 199 village assessments and 189 road assessments along main supply routes in support of AMISOM operations in liberated areas.
  • Risk education reached 24,162 people of which 66% of the beneficiaries were children.
  • UNMAS conducted 45 sessions on preventing violent extremism (PVE) targeting youths and distributed 4,619 risk education leaflets.
  • Explosive detection dog (EDD) teams verified 303,925 vehicles, 103,238 pieces of luggage, 415 buildings and covered a total of 22KM² of land.

 

Since 2016:

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces (SPF), AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 17,639 ERW items and 496 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
  • More than 41 km2 cleared from hazards and 106 landmines destroyed (88 AP and 18 AT).
  • Over 18,000 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.
  • Over 807 SPF recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 1,255 specialized personnel from the SPF received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.
  • 241 Somalis were trained in manual demining along the Somali border with Ethiopia.
  • 106,385 people from various communities received risk education about explosive hazards.

ABOUT

Years of armed conflict in Somalia has resulted in widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, the proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs.

 

Mandated by UNSCR UNSCR 2461 (2019) and 2498 (2019) UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the Somali Security Forces.

 

Further mandated by UNSCR 2472 (2019), UNMAS is a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has a special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

ACTIVITIES

Support to AMISOM

As a component of UNSOS, UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors troops in EOD and IED threat mitigation, advice on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including EDDs, with the aim to enhance force protection and mobility.

 

Support to Somali Security Forces

As a component of UNSOM, UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police to develop its bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia. Enhancing such capabilities remains crucial, especially with regards to the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali Security Forces. UNMAS is also supporting the Government in weapons and ammunition management in line with sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.

 

Humanitarian Mine Action 

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities such as survey, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia.

 

FUNDING

UNMAS currently receives funding from contributions from the regular and assessed budgets of UNSOM and respectively UNSOS, as well as contributions through the Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Action. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to further develop the capabilities of the Somali Security Forces, to support the weapons and ammunition management sector, as well as to implement stabilisation and humanitarian mine action activities.

 

Updated January 2020