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Somalia

IMPACT

Financial year 2018/19:

  • Over 8,536 troops from the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) received tailored training in line with their functions. UNMAS carried out 945 briefings for mobility operations and facilitated movement of 975 AMISOM convoys.

 

  •  In support of stabilization efforts, UNMAS identified 37 locations contaminated by explosive hazards and destroyed 1,422 remnants of war (590 UXOs,374 SAA,458 FFE), and 46 landmines in various areas. UNMAS also verified and released 1,794,122 m² of land and assessed 2,235 km of road.

 

  • UNMAS carried out 251 village assessments and 61 road assessments along main supply routes in support of AMISOM operations in liberated areas.

 

  • Risk education reached 21,179 civilian population of which 71% were children.

 

  • Explosive detection dog (EDD) teams verified 40,104 vehicles, 306,649 pieces of luggage, 398 buildings and covered a total of 32,270,140 m² of land.

 

Since 2015:

  • With UNMAS support, the Somali Police Forces (SPF), AMISOM and non-governmental organizations destroyed 20,626 ERW items and 424 improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

 

  • More than 78 km2 cleared from hazards and 97 landmines destroyed (84 AP and 13 AT).

 

  • Over 18,000 weapons were marked and registered while 221 unsafe weapons were destroyed.

 

  • Over 807 SPF recruits from various locations received IED awareness training while 925 specialized personnel from the SPF received training in explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), IED threat mitigation and in other topics linked to security.

 

  • 190 Somalis were trained in manual demining along the Somali border with Ethiopia.

 

  • 184,311 people from various communities received risk education about explosive hazards.

 

ABOUT

Years of armed conflict in Somalia has resulted in widespread contamination with ERW and landmines, proliferation of small arms and light weapons and a steady rise in the use of IEDs.

 

Mandated by UNSCR 2385 (2018) and 2408 (2018), UNMAS is an integrated component of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which provides strategic policy and technical advice to the Federal Government of Somalia and the Somali Security Forces.

 

Further mandated by UNSCR 2431 (2018), UNMAS is a component of the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS), which provides logistical support to AMISOM. Moreover, UNMAS has special status in the United Nations Country Team for coordinating humanitarian mine action activities in Somalia under the umbrella of the Global Protection Cluster.

 

ACTIVITIES

Support to AMISOM

As a component of UNSOS, UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to AMISOM troops from Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. To mitigate explosive threats against AMISOM personnel and assets, UNMAS trains and mentors troops in EOD and IED threat mitigation, advices on operational planning processes, use of specialized equipment and services, including EDDs, with the aim to enhance force protection and mobility.

 

Support to Somali Security Forces

As a component of UNSOM, UNMAS provides advice, training and equipment to the Somali Police to develop its bomb disposal capabilities across Somalia. Enhancing such capabilities remains crucial, especially with regards to the critical lead-up to the presidential election in 2021 and the gradual handing over of security responsibilities from AMISOM to the Somali Security Forces. UNMAS is also supporting the Government in weapons and ammunition management in line with sanctions obligations under the partial lifting of the arms embargo.

 

Humanitarian Mine Action 

UNMAS supports the protection of civilians in contaminated areas by coordinating humanitarian mine action activities such as survey, clearance and risk education. Since 2015, UNMAS has supported the development of civilian-led clearance efforts along the Somali border with Ethiopia, which has a positive impact with regards to employment opportunities, human security, and PVE, particularly youth, who could otherwise be exploited by armed groups.

 

FUNDING

UNMAS currently receives funding from contributions from the regular and assessed budgets of UNSOM and UNSOS. UNMAS is seeking additional resources to further develop the capabilities of the Somali Security Forces, to support the weapons and ammunition management sector, as well as to implement stabilisation and humanitarian mine action activities.

 

Updated February 2019