Since 2013, UNMAS Mali has contributed to:
- The protection of civilians, with a marked decrease in the number of victims of explosive remnants of war (ERW). In 2012: 56; 2013: 55; 2014: 38; 2015: 39; 2016: 24; 2017: 26; 2018: 16; 2019: 2 victims.
- Improved access to livelihoods, freedom of movement and economic recovery for the population.
- Increased safety for the delivery of humanitarian assistance.
- Develop a basic explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) response capacity in the national authorities, including the establishment of an EOD Operations Coordination Centre (CCO) and their own training capacity.
4,391,584 square meters of land released to communities, 2,037 villages surveyed, 3,921 items of ERW and 109,413 items of small arms ammunition destroyed. Training of 1,045 Malian Defence and Security Forces (MDSF) personnel in explosive threat mitigation.
- More than 340,000 people reached with UNMAS-funded risk education from 2015; awareness messages broadcast in five national languages through local radio stations; over 500 humanitarian workers briefed through explosive hazards awareness sessions; and 378 drivers operating in affected areas (including humanitarian organizations) briefed on the risk of IEDs.
- 341 tons of obsolete, unsafe and unserviceable ammunition, including 85 obsolete surface-to-air missiles (2014), and nearly 11,500 firearms safely destroyed in support to the Malian authorities. This represents the world’s largest ammunition stockpile disposed of by a national authority with UNMAS assistance.
- 42 armouries and ammunition storage areas have been rehabilitated, and 457 MDSF personnel trained in safe and secure weapons and ammunitions management (WAM).
Following the outbreak of conflict in 2012, explosive hazards became a new threat in Mali, with a broad-ranging, detrimental impact on the safety and freedom of movement in the central and northern parts of the country. This contamination hampers the delivery of humanitarian assistance, access to livelihoods and economic recovery of the population, return of refugees and displaced persons, in addition to threatening the lives of civilians. The use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by perpetrators of violence in Mali also impedes stabilization efforts.
The United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) operates under UN legislative mandates of both the General Assembly and the Security Council, or at the request of the UN Secretary-General or his designated official, or an affected country. In Mali, UNMAS is mandated by UN Security Council resolution 2423 (2018) which prioritizes the protection of civilians and stabilization efforts, as well as the enhancement of national capacities in explosive ordnance disposal and weapons and ammunition management, and the training of the MINUSMA troops in countering the explosive threat.
UNMAS vision for Mali: The Government of Mali, Malian civil society and the United Nations are able to mitigate and respond to explosive threats to significantly reduce the impact of landmines, ERW and IEDs, at which point UN Mine Action assistance is no longer requested.
Mine action to protect civilians and support the humanitarian sector
As the national coordinator for mine action, UNMAS implements, supports and coordinates humanitarian activities which include: survey, marking and clearance of prioritised dangerous areas; explosive hazard risk education; victim assistance and armed violence reduction. UNMAS also ensures that international partners work in compliance with International Mine Action Standards (IMAS) through quality assurance from its field offices in Gao, Kidal, Mopti, Tessalit and Timbuktu.
Support to national authorities
Support to stabilization efforts
UNMAS provides explosive threat mitigation support to the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), through technical advice and delivery of in-country and pre-deployment training, in order to facilitate freedom of movement for civilian and peacekeeping personnel, and improve resilience and safety for the delivery of the Mission mandate. Specialized support is also provided to the MINUSMA explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) companies.
UNMAS Mali is primarily funded through the MINUSMA Assessed Budget, as well as Benin and the United States of America through in-kind support.
Updated: May 2019